Nonlinear Fluctuations of Weakly Asymmetric Interacting Particle Systems
Gonçalves, Patricia; Jara, Milton (2014), Nonlinear Fluctuations of Weakly Asymmetric Interacting Particle Systems, Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis, 212, 2, p. 597-644. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00205-013-0693-x
TypeArticle accepté pour publication ou publié
External document linkhttp://arxiv.org/abs/1309.5120v1
Journal nameArchive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis
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Abstract (EN)We introduce what we call the second-order Boltzmann–Gibbs principle, which allows one to replace local functionals of a conservative, one-dimensional stochastic process by a possibly nonlinear function of the conserved quantity. This replacement opens the way to obtain nonlinear stochastic evolutions as the limit of the fluctuations of the conserved quantity around stationary states. As an application of this second-order Boltzmann–Gibbs principle, we introduce the notion of energy solutions of the KPZ and stochastic Burgers equations. Under minimal assumptions, we prove that the density fluctuations of one-dimensional, stationary, weakly asymmetric, conservative particle systems are sequentially compact and that any limit point is given by energy solutions of the stochastic Burgers equation. We also show that the fluctuations of the height function associated to these models are given by energy solutions of the KPZ equation in this sense. Unfortunately, we lack a uniqueness result for these energy solutions. We conjecture these solutions to be unique, and we show some regularity results for energy solutions of the KPZ/Burgers equation, supporting this conjecture.
Subjects / Keywordsenergy solutions of the stochastic Burgers equation; energy solutions of the KPZ equation; second-order Boltzmann–Gibbs principle
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