Geodesics on Shape Spaces with Bounded Variation and Sobolev Metrics
Nardi, Giacomo; Peyré, Gabriel; Vialard, François-Xavier (2016), Geodesics on Shape Spaces with Bounded Variation and Sobolev Metrics, SIAM Journal on Imaging Sciences, 9, 1, p. 238-274. 10.1137/15100518X
TypeArticle accepté pour publication ou publié
External document linkhttps://arxiv.org/abs/1402.6504v8
Journal nameSIAM Journal on Imaging Sciences
Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics
MetadataShow full item record
Abstract (EN)This paper studies the space of $BV^2$ planar curves endowed with the $BV^2$ Finsler metric over its tangent space of displacement vector fields. Such a space is of interest for applications in image processing and computer vision because it enables piecewise regular curves that undergo piecewise regular deformations, such as articulations. The main contribution of this paper is the proof of the existence of a shortest path between any two $BV^2$ curves for this Finsler metric. % The method of proof relies on the construction of a martingale on a space satisfying the Radon-Nikodym property and on the invariance under reparametrization of the Finsler metric. This method applies more generally to similar cases such as the space of curves with $H^k$ metrics for $k\geq 2$ integer. When $k \geq 2$ is integer, this space has a strong Riemannian structure and is geodesically complete. Thus, our result shows that the exponential map is surjective, which is complementary to geodesic completeness in infinite dimensions. We propose a finite element discretization of the minimal geodesic problem, and use a gradient descent method to compute a stationary point of a regularized energy. Numerical illustrations shows the qualitative difference between $BV^2$ and $H^2$ geodesics.
Subjects / KeywordsBV 2-curves; Martingale; Geodesics; shape registration
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