Towards an Understanding of the Phases of Goodwill Accounting in Four Western Capitalist Countries: From Stakeholder Model to Shareholder Model
Stolowy, Hervé; Richard, Jacques; Ding, Yuan (2008), Towards an Understanding of the Phases of Goodwill Accounting in Four Western Capitalist Countries: From Stakeholder Model to Shareholder Model, Accounting, Organizations and Society, 33, 7-8, p. 718-755. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aos.2007.07.002
TypeArticle accepté pour publication ou publié
External document linkhttp://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00366038/en/
Journal nameAccounting, Organizations and Society
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Abstract (EN)The objective of this paper is to illustrate that the change in shareholders' attitude towards firms (from stakeholder model to shareholder model) influences the accounting treatments of goodwill. Our study is based on four countries (Great Britain, the United States, Germany, and France) and covers more than a century, starting in 1880. We explain that all these countries have gone through four identified phases of goodwill accounting, classified as (1) static (immediate or rapid expensing), (2) weakened static (write-off against equity), (3) dynamic (recognition with amortization over a long period) and (4) actuarial (recognition without amortization but with impairment if necessary). We contribute several new features to the existing literature on goodwill: our study (1) is international and comparative, (2) spans more than a century, (3) uses the stakeholder/shareholder models to explain the evolution in goodwill treatment in the four countries studied. More precisely, it relates a balance sheet theory, which distinguishes four phases in accounting treatment for goodwill, to the shift from a stakeholder model to a shareholder model, which leads to the preference for short-term rather than long-term profit, (4) contributes to the debate on whether accounting rules simply reflect or arguably help to produce the general trend towards the shareholder model, (5) demonstrates a one-way evolution of goodwill treatment in the four countries studied, towards the actuarial phase.
Subjects / KeywordsUnited States; Japan; Great Britain; Germany; France; Corporate governance; Stakeholder/shareholder models; Social nature of accounting; Accounting history; Goodwill
JELM41 - Accounting
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