Intrinsic and extrinsic motivations in primary care: An explanatory study among French general practitioners
Sicsic, Jonathan; Le Vaillant, Marc; Franc, Carine (2012), Intrinsic and extrinsic motivations in primary care: An explanatory study among French general practitioners, Health Policy, 108, 2-3, p. 140-148. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.healthpol.2012.08.020
TypeArticle accepté pour publication ou publié
Journal nameHealth Policy
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Abstract (EN)Background Like many other OECD nations, France has implemented a pay-for-performance (P4P) model in primary care. However, the benefits have been debated, particularly regarding the possibly undesirable effects of extrinsic motivation (EM) on intrinsic motivation (IM). Objective To examine the relationship between French GPs’ IM and EM based on an intrinsic motivation composite score (IMCS) developed for this purpose. If a negative relationship is found, P4P schemes could have side effects on GPs’ IM that is a key determinant of quality of care. Method From data on 423 GPs practicing in a region of France, IM indicators are selected using a multiple correspondence analysis and aggregated from a multilevel model. Results Several doctors’ characteristics have significant impacts on IMCS variability, especially group practice and salaried practice. Qualitative EM variables are negatively correlated with the IMCS: GPs who report not being satisfied with their income or feeling “often” constrained by patients’ requests in terms of consultations length and office appointments obtain a lower mean IMCS than other GPs. Conclusion Our results provide a cautionary message to regulators who should take into account the potential side effects of increasing EM through policies such as P4P.
Subjects / KeywordsMultilevel analysis; Multiple correspondence analysis; Payment for performance; Extrinsic motivation; Intrinsic motivation; General practitioners
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