Banking and back-loading emission permits
Chaton, Corinne; Creti, Anna; Peluchon, Benoît (2015), Banking and back-loading emission permits, Energy Policy, 82, p. 332-341. 10.1016/j.enpol.2015.01.023
TypeArticle accepté pour publication ou publié
External document linkhttps://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00915944
Journal nameEnergy Policy
IPC Science and Technology Press
MetadataShow full item record
Abstract (EN)In this article we focus on the so-called back-loading policy adopted by the European Commission to increase the carbon market price. This environmental measure consists of removing a share of the allowances allocated for a given period in order to reallocate some or all of them later on. To analyze the impact of the permits back-loading, we determine the CO2 price equilibrium with and without the policy measure, considering not only the market for permits but also the output market of regulated sectors. We propose a two-period model, where the market for permits is perfectly competitive, and the output market can be either competitive or oligopolistic. First, we define the condition under which banking from one period to another is optimal. This condition, that is the absence of arbitrage opportunities (AOA), depends not only from the period initial allocation but also on production market fundamentals. When this condition is satisfied, the market for emission is shown intertemporally efficient. Second, we point out that the back-loading measure may create inefficiencies or leave unaffected the permits price, if it alters the AOA.
Subjects / KeywordsCO2 prices; Banking; Back-loading; ETS reform
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