Impact of Natural Disasters on Education Outcomes: Evidence from the 1987-1989 Locust Plague in Mali
De Vreyer, Philippe; Guilbert, Nathalie; Mesplé-Somps, Sandrine (2015), Impact of Natural Disasters on Education Outcomes: Evidence from the 1987-1989 Locust Plague in Mali, Journal of African Economies, 24, 1, p. 57-100. 10.1093/jae/eju018
TypeArticle accepté pour publication ou publié
Journal nameJournal of African Economies
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Abstract (EN)This paper estimates the long-run impact of a large income shock based on regional variations in the 1987–89 locust plague in Mali. We take comprehensive population census data to construct birth cohorts of individuals and compare those born and living in the years and villages affected by locust plagues with other cohorts. We ﬁnd a clear, strong impact on the educational outcomes of children living in rural areas, but no impact at all on children living in urban areas. School enrolment by boys born or lessthan four at the time of shock is found to be affected. School enrolmentbyboysbornin1987–88,themaininfestationyears,isfoundtobehardesthitby theplagues.However,although theimpact onschoolenrolment ﬁguresisgreaterfor boys than girls, the educational attainments of girls attending school and living in ruralareasareharderhitthantheboys.Ourcontrolsforindividuals’potentiallyselective migration behaviour and for differences in school infrastructures do nothing to change our results. Our ﬁndings are also robust to controls for age misreporting and variations in the cohort cut-off point.
Subjects / KeywordsEvaluation d'impacts; Catastrophes naturelles; Criquets; Education; Mali; Econométrie Appliquée
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