Stealing to Survive? Crime and Income Shocks in 19th Century France
Bignon, Vincent; Caroli, Eve; Galbiati, Roberto (2017), Stealing to Survive? Crime and Income Shocks in 19th Century France, The Economic Journal, 127, 599, p. 19-49. 10.1111/ecoj.12270
TypeArticle accepté pour publication ou publié
External document linkhttps://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00623804
Journal nameThe Economic Journal
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Abstract (EN)Using local administrative data from 1826 to 1936, we document the evolution of crime rates in 19th century France and we estimate the impact of a negative income shock on crime. Our identification strategy exploits the phylloxera crisis. Between 1863 and 1890, phylloxera destroyed about 40% of French vineyards. We use the geographical variation in the timing of this shock to identify its impact on property and violent crime rates, as well as minor offences. Our estimates suggest that the phylloxera crisis caused a substantial increase in property crime rates and a significant decrease in violent crimes.
Subjects / KeywordsCrime; income shock; phylloxera; 19th century France
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