On the complexity of various parameterizations of common induced subgraph isomorphism
Abu-Khzam, Faisal N.; Bonnet, Édouard; Sikora, Florian (2017), On the complexity of various parameterizations of common induced subgraph isomorphism, Theoretical Computer Science, 697, p. 69-78. 10.1016/j.tcs.2017.07.010
TypeArticle accepté pour publication ou publié
Journal nameTheoretical Computer Science
MetadataShow full item record
Author(s)Abu-Khzam, Faisal N.
Laboratoire d'analyse et modélisation de systèmes pour l'aide à la décision [LAMSADE]
Abstract (EN)In the Maximum Common Induced Subgraph problem (henceforth MCIS), given two graphs G1 and G2, one looks for a graph with the maximum number of vertices being both an induced subgraph of G1 and G2. MCIS is among the most studied classical NP-hard problems. It remains NP-hard on many graph classes including forests. In this paper, we study the parameterized complexity of MCIS. As a generalization of Clique, it is W-hard parameterized by the size of the solution. Being NP-hard even on forests, most structural parameterizations are intractable. One has to go as far as parameterizing by the size of the minimum vertex cover to get some tractability. Indeed, when parameterized by k := vc(G1)+vc(G2) the sum of the vertex cover number of the two input graphs, the problem was shown to be fixed-parameter tractable, with an algorithm running in time 2o(klogk). We complement this result by showing that, unless the ETH fails, it cannot be solved in time 2o(klogk). This kind of tight lower bound has been shown for a few problems and parameters but, to the best of our knowledge, not for the vertex cover number. We also show that MCIS does not have a polynomial kernel when parameterized by k, unless NP⊆coNP/poly. Finally, we study MCIS and its connected variant MCCIS on some special graph classes and with respect to other structural parameters.
Subjects / KeywordsInduced common isomorphism; Parameterized complexity; Kernelization; ETH; based lower bounds
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