Fear Not For Man? Armed conflict and social capital in Mali
Calvo, Thomas; Lavallée, Emmanuelle; Razafindrakoto, Mireille; Roubaud, François (2020), Fear Not For Man? Armed conflict and social capital in Mali, Journal of Comparative Economics, 48, 2, p. 251-276. 10.1016/j.jce.2019.11.005
TypeArticle accepté pour publication ou publié
Journal nameJournal of Comparative Economics
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Abstract (EN)This paper studies the effects of armed conflict on social capital in Mali, where a violent conflict has been raging since 2012. We examine the conflict’s impacts on associational membership using event location data and unique survey data on governance, peace and security (GPS-SHaSA). We show that, in conflict-exposed areas, adult involvement in associations increases from 7 to 14 percentage points. Instrumental variable and difference-in-differences strategies complementary mitigate reverse causation and omitted variable biases as estimated results remain very consistent. Robust estimations constrained to non-migrants samples also rule out selection into migration. Yet this result, consistent with the argument that armed conflict cultivates social engagement, is not a positive outcome in the case of Mali. The increase is observed solely for family and political associations, which are comparatively inward-looking and act as interest groups. We interpret this finding as a form of withdrawal behind group or community boundaries, an interpretation supported by further analysis of interpersonal trust. This sort of withdrawal may exacerbate ethnic divisions and deepen the conflict.
Subjects / KeywordsSocial capital; Conflict; Participation; Trust; Mali; D71; F51; O12; Z13
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