Schema Inference for Massive JSON Datasets
Ben Lahmar, Houssem; Colazzo, Dario; Ghelli, Giorgio; Sartiani, Carlo (2017), Schema Inference for Massive JSON Datasets, 20th International Conference on Extending Database Technology (EDBT 2017), 2017-03, Venise, Italy
TypeCommunication / Conférence
Conference title20th International Conference on Extending Database Technology (EDBT 2017)
MetadataShow full item record
Author(s)Ben Lahmar, Houssem
Laboratoire d'analyse et modélisation de systèmes pour l'aide à la décision [LAMSADE]
Abstract (EN)Recent years have seen the widespread use of JSON as a data format to represent massive data collections. JSON data collections are usually schemaless. While this ensures several advantages, the absence of schema information has important negative consequences: the correctness of complex queries and programs cannot be statically checked, users cannot rely on schema information to quickly figure out structural properties that could speed up the formulation of correct queries, and many schema-based optimizations are not possible. In this paper we deal with the problem of inferring a schema from massive JSON data sets. We first identify a JSON type language which is simple and, at the same time, expressive enough to capture irregularities and to give complete structural information about input data. We then present our main contribution, which is the design of a schema inference algorithm, its theoretical study and its implementation based on Spark, enabling reasonable schema inference time for massive collections. Finally, we report about an experimental analysis showing the effectiveness of our approach in terms of execution time, precision and conciseness of inferred schemas, and scalability.
Subjects / KeywordsJSON; schema inference
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