Trust in an expert depending on the expert's gender and the individual's characteristics: An experiment using the Monty Hall game
Dargnies, Marie-Pierre (2021), Trust in an expert depending on the expert's gender and the individual's characteristics: An experiment using the Monty Hall game, 2021 Economic Science Association Global Online Around-the-Clock Conference, 2021-07, Online
TypeCommunication / Conférence
Conference title2021 Economic Science Association Global Online Around-the-Clock Conference
MetadataShow full item record
Dauphine Recherches en Management [DRM]
Abstract (EN)We use an experiment online to investigate trust in experts depending on the expert's gender and the participants‘ characteristics. Participants play the Monty Hall game, a decision game for which most participants have a false intuition about the payoff-maximizing action. Before making the final decision determining whether they win the prize or not, each participant receives a recommendation from an expert. For some participants, the expert is male (Oliver), for others the expert is female (Mary). The first batch of data collected show that overall a low proportion of participants (20%) chooses to follow the recommendation of the expert. There is no significant difference the trust placed in the male expert and the female expert. However, the analysis of the data, in particular of the open comments written by the participants suggests the mistrust in the experts has a dual cause: participants question both the competence of the expert to provide a useful recommendation and the truthfulness of the expert (fearing they may aim at lowering the participant's chances of getting the prize).
Subjects / KeywordsGender effect; behaviour; Trust management; decision theory
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