Multiple front standing waves in the FitzHugh-Nagumo equations
Chen, Chao-Nien; Séré, Eric (2021), Multiple front standing waves in the FitzHugh-Nagumo equations, Journal of Differential Equations, 302, p. 895-925. 10.1016/j.jde.2021.08.005
TypeArticle accepté pour publication ou publié
Journal nameJournal of Differential Equations
MetadataShow full item record
National Tsing Hua University [Hsinchu] [NTHU]
CEntre de REcherches en MAthématiques de la DEcision [CEREMADE]
Abstract (EN)There have been several existence results for the standing waves of FitzHugh-Nagumo equations. Such waves are the connecting orbits of an autonomous second-order Lagrangian system and the corresponding kinetic energy is an indefinite quadratic form in the velocity terms. When the system has two stable hyperbolic equilibria, there exist two stable standing fronts, which will be used in this paper as building blocks, to construct stable standing waves with multiple fronts in case the equilibria are of saddle-focus type. The idea to prove existence is somewhat close in spirit to [Buffoni-Sere, CPAM 49, 285-305]. However several differences are required in the argument: facing a strongly indefinite functional, we need to perform a nonlo-cal Lyapunov-Schmidt reduction; in order to justify the stability of multiple front standing waves, we rely on a more precise variational characterization of such critical points. Based on this approach, both stable and unstable standing waves are found.
Subjects / KeywordsHeteroclinic connection; Hamiltonian system; Stability; Reaction-diffusion system; FitzHugh-Nagumo equations; Standing wave; Multibump solution; Variational approach; Lyapunov-Schmidt reduction
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