Optimizing temporary work and overtime in the Time Cost Quality Trade-off Problem
Jeunet, Jully; Bou Orm, Mayassa (2018), Optimizing temporary work and overtime in the Time Cost Quality Trade-off Problem, European Journal of Operational Research, 284, 2, p. 743-761. 10.1016/j.ejor.2020.01.013
TypeArticle accepté pour publication ou publié
Journal nameEuropean Journal of Operational Research
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Bou Orm, Mayassa
Laboratoire d'analyse et modélisation de systèmes pour l'aide à la décision [LAMSADE]
Abstract (EN)In spite of its significant contribution to project success, quality has been scarcely addressed in the literature on deterministic project scheduling problems. Although it is recognized that higher qualities are associated with longer processing times, no relationship between quality and resource consumption has been analytically derived to support this statement. As manufacturing projects can be accelerated using additional manpower such as overtime and temporary workers, we derive an analytical relationship between quality and manpower since overtime and overmanning negate quality. We also take into account productivity losses due to overmanning. Contrary to most previous contributions that focus on the project overall quality as an aggregation of quality levels attained at the individual activities, we impose each activity to reach a minimum quality threshold, which is consistent with project management practices. Consequently, we develop a mixed integer linear programming (MILP) to optimize temporary work and overtime so as to accelerate a project with quality and productivity considerations. The objective is to simultaneously determine for each activity the number of permanent, temporary and overtime workers over the processing periods in order to minimize the makespan, the total cost and the overall quality losses subject to individual quality constraints, precedence relationships, nonpreemption and availability of resources. Our approach is successfully applied on numerous instances based on a real project of a high speed locomotive as well as on other projects taken from the literature.
Subjects / KeywordsProject scheduling; Time Cost Quality Trade-off Problem; Activity quality; Temporary work; Overtime
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