Experimental Evidence on Affirmative Action
Gille, Véronique (2022), Experimental Evidence on Affirmative Action, in Deshpande, Ashwini, Handbook on Economics of Discrimination and Affirmative Action, Springer International Publishing : Berlin, p. 10. 10.1007/978-981-33-4016-9_37-1
Book titleHandbook on Economics of Discrimination and Affirmative Action
Book authorDeshpande, Ashwini
Number of pages1180
MetadataShow full item record
Développement, institutions et analyses de long terme [DIAL]
Centre d'économie de la Sorbonne [CES]
Laboratoire d'Economie de Dauphine [LEDa]
Abstract (EN)Although beliefs about the effect of affirmative action are widespread, behavioral responses to affirmative actions (from beneficiaries and non-beneficiaries) cannot easily be understood without experimental evidence. In this chapter I review the findings from the experimental literature on two key questions: can affirmative action increase representation without harming efficiency? Are affirmative action beneficiaries penalized by others? The findings highlight that beneficiaries respond to affirmative action as it changes their probability of participating in competitions and it changes their effort level. But the efficiency cost of affirmative action to the society, if any, is small, as affirmative action enhances the participation of highly performing individuals, who would have not participated otherwise. Moreover, beneficiaries do not suffer from backlash from non-beneficiaries. The negative societal impact of affirmative action is therefore likely to be limited.
Subjects / KeywordsAffirmative action; Experiment; Behavior; Participation; Efficiency loss
Showing items related by title and author.