Fifty years of nightly global low-light imaging satellite observations
Elvidge, C. D.; Baugh, K.; Ghosh, Tilottama; Zhizhin, Mikhail; Feng Chi Hsu; Sparks, Tamara; Bazilian, Morgan; Sutton, Paul C.; Houngbedji, Kenneth; Goldblatt, Ran (2022), Fifty years of nightly global low-light imaging satellite observations, Frontiers in Remote Sensing, 3, p. 16. 10.3389/frsen.2022.919937
TypeArticle accepté pour publication ou publié
Journal nameFrontiers in Remote Sensing
MetadataShow full item record
Author(s)Elvidge, C. D.
Schmidt United Institute of Physics of the Earth [Moscow] [IPE]
Feng Chi Hsu
Sutton, Paul C.
Développement, institutions et analyses de long terme [DIAL]
Laboratoire d'Economie de Dauphine [LEDa]
Abstract (EN)The history of satellite remote sensing of nighttime lights traces it is roots back the U.S. Air Force Defense Meteorological Satellite Program (DMSP) which began flying polar orbiting satellites with cloud imaging sensors in the 1970’s. The meteorologists found that they could improve weather predictions with visible and thermal band imagery. The visible band channels on early DMSP satellites worked well in the daytime—but were unable to see clouds at nights. Visible band low light imaging was added in the mid-1970’s using photomultiplier tubes to amplify the signal, enabling the detection of moonlit clouds. In 1992, NOAA established a digital archive for DMSP data at the National Geophysical Data Center in Boulder, Colorado. The Earth Observation Group (EOG) was formed in 1994 and dedicated it is efforts to making global nighttime light data products for uses by the science and policy communities. Many of the shortcomings of DMSP data were addressed with the NASA/NOAA Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite (VIIRS) day/night band (DNB), which opened a new era in nighttime light studies. In total, EOG has produced 65 annual global nighttime light products and over 650 monthly products.
Subjects / KeywordsNighttime lights; DMSP; VIIRS; DNB; Low-light imaging
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