Tunisia’s 2013 National Dialogue. Political Crisis Management
Hostrup Haugbølle, Rikke; Ghali, Amine; Yousfi, Hèla; Limam, Mehdi; Grønlykke Mollerup, Nina (2017), Tunisia’s 2013 National Dialogue. Political Crisis Management, National Dialogue Handbook Case Study, Berghof Foundation
External document linkhttps://berghof-foundation.org/library/tunisias-2013-national-dialogue-political-crisis-management
Book titleNational Dialogue Handbook Case Study
MetadataShow full item record
Author(s)Hostrup Haugbølle, Rikke
Dauphine Recherches en Management [DRM]
CEntre de REcherches en MAthématiques de la DEcision [CEREMADE]
Grønlykke Mollerup, Nina
Abstract (EN)On July 25, 2013 the drafting of a new constitution by the Tunisian Constitutional Assembly reached a complete impasse, following the assassination of opposition politician Mohamed Brahmi that very day. Fears mounted that the fragile democratization process would come to a halt. In 2011, free and fair elections had brought the Islamist democratic party Ennahda to power, which had formed a government with two smaller opposition parties. Simultaneously, other " old " opposition forces underwent internal reforms and strengthened their position in the new political landscape. Instead of building strong coalitions, these " old " forces reactivated old struggles and disputes. Only in July 2013, during the critical moment, did the political forces realize that they needed to enter into negotiations and dialogue with each other to save the country. The so-called Quartet was formed, which managed to convince most parties represented in the National Constitutional Assembly to accept their road map and enter into negotiations focusing on three main issues: governmental, constitutional and electoral. The National Dialogue did not unfold as a well-planned process with a thought-through design, but rather was a response to an acute political crisis. Hence, the Tunisian National Dialogue served as an instrument for crisis management, implemented while the crisis was still unfolding. The Tunisian National Dialogue was an ad hoc process, with many actors engaged on different levels and several parts of the process taking place at the same time.
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