Handling effects of reinforced preference and counter veto in credibility of outranking
Roy, Bernard; Slowinski, Roman (2008), Handling effects of reinforced preference and counter veto in credibility of outranking, European Journal of Operational Research, 188, 1, p. 185-190. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejor.2007.04.005
TypeArticle accepté pour publication ou publié
Journal nameEuropean Journal of Operational Research
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Abstract (EN)The aim of this paper is to generalize the way of computing the credibility of outranking in a multiple criteria aggregation procedure, in view of taking into account two new effects called reinforced preference and counter-veto. These effects concern only those criteria for which, as soon as action a is “judged very strongly preferred” to action b, one wishes that the credibility of outranking of a over b is greater than that for the case where (all things equal elsewhere) the preference is not “judged very strong”. To achieve this goal, we propose two complementary ways. The first one involves a reinforced preference threshold which affects the concordance degree, and the second one involves a counter-veto threshold which affects the insertion of discordance degree in the calculation of the credibility of outranking. The introduction of these two new effects remains compatible with the handling of ordinal preference scales. The resulting new index of the credibility of outranking can be used, in particular, in ELECTRE methods.
Subjects / KeywordsDiscordance; Concordance; Outranking; Multiple criteria analysis; Decision support
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