An axiomatic analysis of concordance-discordance relations
Bouyssou, Denis; Pirlot, Marc (2009), An axiomatic analysis of concordance-discordance relations, European Journal of Operational Research, 199, 2, p. 468-477. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejor.2008.11.011
TypeArticle accepté pour publication ou publié
Journal nameEuropean Journal of Operational Research
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Abstract (EN)Outranking methods propose an original way to build a preference relation between alternatives evaluated on several attributes that has a definite ordinal flavor. Indeed, most of them appeal the concordance/non-discordance principle that leads to declaring that an alternative is “superior” to another, if the coalition of attributes supporting this proposition is “sufficiently important” (concordance condition) and if there is no attribute that “strongly rejects” it (non-discordance condition). Such a way of comparing alternatives is rather natural. However, it is well known that it may produce binary relations that do not possess any remarkable property of transitivity or completeness. This explains why the axiomatic foundations of outranking methods have not been much investigated, which is often seen as one of their important weaknesses. This paper uses conjoint measurement techniques to obtain an axiomatic characterization of preference relations that can be obtained on the basis of the concordance/non-discordance principle. It emphasizes their main distinctive feature, i.e. their very crude way to distinguish various levels of preference differences on each attribute. We focus on outranking methods, such as ELECTRE I, that produce a reflexive relation, interpreted as an “at least as good as” preference relation. The results in this paper may be seen as an attempt to give such outranking methods a sound axiomatic foundation based on conjoint measurement.
Subjects / KeywordsNon-transitive preferences; Conjoint measurement; Outranking methods; Discordance; Concordance; Multiple criteria analysis
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