Fast algorithms for Max Independant Set in graphs of small average degree
van Rooij, Johan; Bourgeois, Nicolas; Escoffier, Bruno; Paschos, Vangelis (2008), Fast algorithms for Max Independant Set in graphs of small average degree. https://basepub.dauphine.fr/handle/123456789/4496
TypeDocument de travail / Working paper
Series titleCahier du LAMSADE
MetadataShow full item record
Abstract (EN)Max Independent Set (MIS) is a paradigmatic problem in theoretical computer science and numerous studies tackle its resolution by exact algorithms with non-trivial worst-case complexity. The best such complexity is, to our knowledge, the $O^*(1.1889^n)$ algorithm claimed by J.M. Robson (T.R. 1251-01, LaBRI, Univ. Bordeaux I, 2001) in his unpublished technical report. We also quote the $O^*(1.2210^n)$ algorithm by Fomin and al. (in Proc. SODA'06, pages 18-25, 2006), that is the best published result about MIS.In this paper we settle MIS in (connected) graphs with "small" average degree, more precisely with average degree at most 3, 4, 5 and 6. Dealing with graphs of average degree at most 3, the best bound known is the recent $O^*(1.0977^n)$ bound by N. Bourgeois and al. in Proc. IWPEC'08, pages 55-65, 2008). Here we improve this result down to $O^*(1.0854^n)$ by proposing finer and more powerful reduction rules.We then propose a generic method showing how improvement of the worst-case complexity for MIS in graphs of average degree $d$ entails improvement of it in any graph of average degree greater than $d$ and, based upon it, we tackle MIS in graphs of average degree 4, 5 and 6.For MIS in graphs with average degree 4, we provide an upper complexity bound of $O^*(1.1571^n)$ that outperforms the best known bound of $O^*(1.1713^n)$ by R. Beigel (Proc. SODA'99, pages 856-857, 1999).For MIS in graphs of average degree at most 5 and 6, we provide bounds of $O^*(1.1969^n)$ and $O^*(1.2149^n)$, respectively, that improve upon the corresponding bounds of $O^*(1.2023^n)$ and $O^*(1.2172^n)$ in graphs of maximum degree 5 and 6 by (Fomin et al., 2006).
Subjects / KeywordsMax Independant Set; Algorithms
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