Complexity and approximation of the constrained forest problem
Bazgan, Cristina; Couëtoux, Basile; Tuza, Zsolt (2011), Complexity and approximation of the constrained forest problem, Theoretical Computer Science, 412, 32, p. 4081-4091. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tcs.2010.07.018
TypeArticle accepté pour publication ou publié
Journal nameTheoretical Computer Science
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Abstract (EN)Given an undirected graph on n vertices with weights on its edges, Min WCF (p) consists of computing a covering previous termforestnext term of minimum weight such that each of its tree components contains at least p vertices. It has been proved that Min WCF (p) is NP-hard for any p≥4 (Imielinska et al. (1993) ) but View the MathML source-approximable (Goemans and Williamson (1995) ). While Min WCF(2) is polynomial-time solvable, already the unweighted version of Min WCF(3) is NP-hard even on planar bipartite graphs of maximum degree 3. We prove here that for any p≥4, the unweighted version is NP-hard, even for planar bipartite graphs of maximum degree 3; moreover, the unweighted version for any p≥3 has no ptas for bipartite graphs of maximum degree 3. The latter theorem is the first-ever APX-hardness result on this previous termproblemnext term. On the other hand, we show that Min WCF (p) is polynomial-time solvable on graphs with bounded treewidth, and for any p bounded by View the MathML source it has a ptas on planar graphs.
Subjects / KeywordsPtas; Bipartite graphs; Treewidth; Constrained Forest; APX-hardness; Approximation; Planar graphs; Complexity
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