Does school make people believe in meritocracy ?
Tenret, Elise (2009), Does school make people believe in meritocracy ?. https://basepub.dauphine.fr/handle/123456789/7600
TypeDocument de travail / Working paper
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Abstract (EN)This paper aims at explaining the perception of social inequalities and the support for an education-based meritocracy (EBM) among individuals. The level and type of education impact has been closely investigated – at a macro and micro level –, as education is theoretically supposed to influence the support for dominant ideologies. To this end, the third wave of Issp survey dataset has been used, as well as the results of a survey conducted in France among tertiary students attending different tracks and fields of study (Sts, Iut, Classes préparatoires and University). This research shows that education influences the representations of meritocracy at both micro and macro levels. From an individual point of view, it has been established that people with higher degree and lower degree tend to perceive more often their society as meritocratic (“U” curve effect of education on representations), and that more educated people defend more the importance of diplomas than the others. In addition to this relative effect of diploma, it has been evidenced, at a more macrosocial level, that the school system organization and development also has an effect on the representations of meritocracy: the educational stock of a country, measured by the percent of persons attending tertiary education, increases the justification of social inequality, while the percent of social science students decreases it. The French case has been specifically examined. In France, the criticism of diplomas seems to derive from its incapacity, according to students, to reflect one's competencies or merits.
Subjects / KeywordsEducation; Social perception of inequalities; Justice belief
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Dispersione scolastica e politiche per il successo formativo. Dalla ricerca sugli early school leavers alle proposte di innovazione / Maddalena Colombo. Erickson, 2010. Tenret, Elise (2011) Article accepté pour publication ou publié