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dc.contributor.authorFillol, Charlotte
dc.date.accessioned2012-02-13T15:47:06Z
dc.date.available2012-02-13T15:47:06Z
dc.date.issued2011
dc.identifier.urihttps://basepub.dauphine.fr/handle/123456789/8144
dc.language.isoenen
dc.subjectPsychological empowermenten
dc.subjectProfessional identityen
dc.subjectRule breaking behavioren
dc.subject.ddc658en
dc.subject.classificationjelD02en
dc.subject.classificationjelJ29en
dc.titlePsychological empowerment in French nuclear power plantsen
dc.typeArticle accepté pour publication ou publié
dc.description.abstractenSince the eighties, nuclear safety has been discussed in organizational studies and constitutes nowadays a specific stream with several standpoints. Regarding the reliability of nuclear plants, the nuclear safety literature has emphasized on the crucial role of individuals and human factors. Especially, some researchers have noticed rule breaking behavior and the impact of individual self-confidence on thebehavior; but without deepening their analyses. As high self-esteem and confidence, i.e. psychological empowerment, naturally lead to innovation and rule breaking, the behavior can be analyzed, in such a regulated industry, as opposite to safety. Thus, this article aims at explaining the roots and discernable features of the observed psychological empowerment. Methods include an in-depth qualitative study in 4 nuclear power plants owned by Electricité de France (EDF), the French national nuclear operator. Focused on the leading team of the plant, the set of data is composed of 35 interviews, 6 weeks of non-participant observation and internal documents. The content analysis has revealed two main pillars of psychological empowerment. On the first hand, the strong professional identity developed at the opening of the plants is based on initiative and risk-taking. In some ways, this professional identity fostered by commitment to a demanding job and the team, influences behavior more than do professional rules. On the second hand, the management discourse is perceived as ambiguous towards the strict application of the rules and tacitly legitimizes rule breaking behavior. This article details and exemplifies these phenomena and discusses the implications.en
dc.relation.isversionofjnlnameInternational Journal of nuclear safety and simulation
dc.relation.isversionofjnlvol2en
dc.relation.isversionofjnlissue1en
dc.relation.isversionofjnldate2011-03
dc.relation.isversionofjnlpages1-11en
dc.identifier.urlsitehttp://www.ijnsweb.com/?type=subscriber&action=articleinfo&id=44en
dc.description.sponsorshipprivateouien
dc.relation.isversionofjnlpublisherSymbio Community Forum : Harbin Engineering Universityen
dc.subject.ddclabelGestion des entreprisesen


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